Mexican 2018 Presidential Debates Report

Mexican 2018 Presidential Debates Report - Política

Mexican 2018 Presidential debates



Table of Contents

Abstract ………………………………………………………………………………….1

1.0 Introduction ……………………………………………………………………….1

2.0 Methodology ……………………………………………………………………..2

3.0 Findings ……………………………………………………………………………2

4.0 Discussion …………………………………………………………………………4

5.0 Conclusions and Recommendations ……………………………………..4

References ……………………………………………………………………………..5

Appendices …………………………………………………………………………….6




The perspective of the Mexicans was changed regarding the elections and will have a big impact in the next elections. The information in this report was mainly obtained by primary resources such as interviews. The event (2018 Mexican Presidential Debates) consisted of three debates held in three different locations across the country, where different topics were discussed. In this event, people wanted to be heard and they were, thanks to social media. Finally, the national identity was changed when all the people across the country united and shared similar interests regarding the debates and elections.


1.0   Introduction

The 2018 presidential debates held in Mexico were events, where the perspective of the Mexicans was changed regarding the whole elections and, might have a big impact on the next ones. The purpose of this report is to identify how these events may possibly have changed the national identity depending on the background and economic class each person has had.

These events consisted of debating about social, economic and political issues, and fight (politically) against the other candidates. The candidates who participated were: Andrés Manuel López Obrador (MORENA), Jose Antonio Meade (PRI), Ricardo Anaya (PAN), Margarita Zavala (Independent) and Jaime Rodriguez Calderón (Independent). “The 3 debates were the most watched and controversial of Mexican debate history” (Juárez, 2018) and that was the cause these events were chosen.

The expected outcome of this work is to demonstrate that the identity of a country can be changed with events that can easily connect people like these 3 debates did, and that not always being part of a nation, means the identity is present, in fact these events weren´t as relevant for some people (Mexicans), but for the majority (those whose identity is present)  were, and this shows how the nation was affected as a whole.



2.0   Methodology

Interviews were used as a primary resource to find how people felt about this event. The report has a deep research focusing on quantitative information, mainly from taking survey´s responses and a brief qualitative information for getting a better sense of understanding from different points of view from people who lived the event. Second resources were utilized for background information, such as televised news, which helped the report to gain a better understanding of how the event happened, and what caused the outcome.


  • Findings

The Mexican debates of 2018 consisted of three different discussions held in three different locations across the country with different topics in each one.

The first one was in Mexico City and the main topics were: corruption, violence, democracy and public security. The next one, which took place in Tijuana, talked about: commerce, transnational crime and migrant rights. Finally, we have the debate, which took place in Mérida, and talked about: poverty, inequality, education, science and technology and climate change.

These three debates were viewed by a really big number of people (35 million approximately), which means that many people were influenced by the events, and not just that but their Identity was changed, and this was mainly caused by social media according to the following survey:


The previous chart shows the main questions that were asked and how the interviewees reacted to them, as can be seen, the results were always pointing to the positive answers. This means that the majority was influenced and affected by the debates.

The interviewees were:

  1. a) Mauricio Farji, 46 years-old, lives in Bosques, Jewish, high-income, married
  2. b) Michelle Schad, 17 years-old, lives in Polanco, Catholic, Student, single
  3. c) Ramón González, 76 years-old, lives in Las Lomas, Catholic, Retired, divorced
  4. d) Carlo Folch, 26 years-old, lives in Coyoacán, Christian, low-income, engaged
  5. e) Sebastián Echevarría, 19 years-old, lives in Acoxpa, Catholic, Student, single

All the interviewees have different characteristics and come from a different background. This with the purpose to enrich the research for the report. Not all the interviewees watched the debates, but at least were informed about them, this shows the importance of the event regarding the identity. Almost half of the interviewees were students, this to demonstrate that not only adults (who are able to vote) are informed about politics.

  • Discussion

The reaction of the debates that were held wasn´t expected at all, people didn´t expect to be heard at the extent levels they did. People started sharing, posting and discussing on social media about this event, until a big impact happened. Almost everyone in the country, for the first time in Mexican history, was informed and knew what was happening in the debates. This made them realized who was the best candidate to be chosen and that Mexico needed to be together for obtaining the best results. “Polls show that more than 80 percent believe Mexico is headed in the wrong direction” (Corchado, 2018). Even though responses were informed, most of the people weren´t satisfied with the last results (including the interviewees), one of the main causes of this are the debates and the sense of wanting a change regarding identity.


  • Conclusions and Recommendations

The national identity was changed in the sense that everybody, not just had their own perspectives about the event, but that Mexicans started thinking as one, because they were aware of their situation, and this made them realize what they needed to do, and that was to be united. This research proves how the 2018 Mexican debates held across the Mexican Republic made people think different about their own national identity and how these events impacted on the nation as a whole


Alan, J. (2018). Mexico 2018 Election Overview. [online] Available at: https://www.bakerinstitute.org/mexico-2018-election-overview/ [Accessed 7 Oct. 2018].


Alfredo, C. (2018). Mexican presidential candidates face off in first debate with clear lead in polls for leftist leader | Mexico Election 2018 | Dallas News. [online] Dallasnews.com. Available at: https://www.dallasnews.com/news/mexico-election-2018/2018/04/21/mexican-presidential-candidates-face-first-debate-clear-lead-polls-leftist-leader [Accessed 5 Oct. 2018].

Aljazeera.com. (2018). Mexico presidential debate: ‘US needs Mexico as well’. [online] Available at: https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2018/05/mexico-presidential-debate-quotes-candidates-180521064604965.html [Accessed 7 Oct. 2018].



Bostick, R. (2018). Bloomberg – Mexican elections results. [online] Bloomberg.com. Available at: https://www.bloomberg.com/graphics/2018-mexican-election/ [Accessed 6 Oct. 2018].



El Financiero. (2018). Primer debate presidencial, el más visto en la historia: INE. [online] Available at: http://www.elfinanciero.com.mx/elecciones-2018/primer-debate-presidencial-el-mas-visto-en-la-historia-ine [Accessed 8 Oct. 2018].



González, A. (2018). Debates presidenciales: dónde, cuándo y cómo. [online] Excélsior. Available at: https://www.excelsior.com.mx/nacional/2018/03/22/1222780 [Accessed 5 Oct. 2018].


Es.surveymonkey.com. (2018). SurveyMonkey: la herramienta más popular del mundo en encuestas gratuitas online. [online] Available at: https://es.surveymonkey.com/ [Accessed 5 Oct. 2018].





This project consisted of interviewing 5 people which are the following:

  1. a) Mauricio Farji, 46 years-old, lives in Bosques, Jewish, high-income, married
  2. b) Michelle Schad, 17 years-old, lives in Polanco, Catholic, Student, single
  3. c) Ramón González, 76 years-old, lives in Las Lomas, Catholic, Retired, divorced
  4. d) Carlo Folch, 26 years-old, lives in Coyoacán, Christian, low-income, engaged
  5. e) Sebastián Echevarría, 19 years-old, lives in Acoxpa, Catholic, Student, single


Questions that were asked:

1.- Did you watch the event? Why?

2.- What were you thinking before watching the debates?

3.- Did you watch the debates just for entertainment or for personal interest? Why?

4.- Did you have a favorite candidate before the events? Why?

5.- Did you know these 2018 debates were the most viewed in the past 24 years? What would be the reason for that?

6.- Do you think the nation wanting to remove PRI was a main cause for the most viewed debates in Mexico?

7.- Do you think the results of the election would be different if no debates were held?

8.- Do you think that the nation came together as one, not just in social media, but in everyday interaction, for choosing the next president wisely?

9.- Did the debates influence your choice at the end?

10.- How did the event change people around you regarding national identity?



A Of course, I think every Mexican should have watched it

B Yes, I didn’t have nothing else to do

C Yes, indeed I also watched the debates for our State

D Just two of them, I didn´t watched the first one

E No, I wasn´t interested at all, buy I saw videos on Facebook that caught me up



A I already had my candidate chosen, so I wanted to prove he was the best

B I thought everything would be manipulated

C I wanted to evaluate who was the best option to rule our country

D Everybody is talking about them, so they have to be good

E They are going to be really boring



A Personal interest, to be aware how are country is doing

B Entertainment, I watched them with my parents

C Personal Interest, I think everybody should be interested in its country politics, to know what we are missing

D Entertainment, to be aware of what people were talking

E Entertainment, but just on social media



A Yes, a first decision would be necessary and then could be changed with events or facts

B No, I wasn´t too much into it

C Yes, that way I could see the mistakes and advantages my candidate had, and how he was doing compared to the others

D Not really, I was supporting the one my family was supporting, although I didn´t like him at all

E No, I wasn´t interested as much as my parents



A Yes, I think that the nation was aware of its actual situation, and they wanted a change so they started searching for some “change”

B No, maybe the big interest of the nation of wanting some kind of change

C Yes, the Social Media really had a big impact on Mexicans

D No, it might be the curiosity of the nation, specially students

E Yes, I think the social media would be the cause, because that way many people found out what was happening on the debates, even if they didn´t see them



A Yes, most of the people weren´t happy with this party

B Yes, because everyone was tired of the same people governing

C Yes, PRI was almost always the one who led the country

D Yes, but I think it won´t change too much with MORENA in the power

E Yes, it´s the first time that the whole country was tired



A Yes, because they made the nation realized what was going on

B No, everything would be manipulated like always

C No, because people already knew that the situation was delicate

D Yes, for example I realized that the nation was constantly talking and discussing about politics as a consequence of watching the debates

E Yes, because it influenced people´s choice at the end, although not mine



A Yes, of course, people constantly were chasing any movements the candidates might do

B Yes, everyone at my school talked and had a choice about it, just because they saw the debates with their parents

C Yes, the discussion of politics related to the debates was almost as frequent and at some point “normal” as any other topic

D Yes, just look at the final numbers, more than the 50% of people who voted took the same decision

E Yes, I think that everyone after helping in the earthquake, realized that   Mexicans, if they stay close can do whatever they want, and they demonstrate it with this election



A No, as I said, I already had my candidate before even watching the debates, but they made me evaluate how good or bad my candidate was at the end

B Well I had two favorite candidates, and at the end I stayed with one, the best part is that I was totally convinced that my decision was the best

C Not at all, I had already chosen, and I felt comfortable about my decision, although I enjoyed watching the debates

D Yes, in fact they were the cause for me to pick one

E Of course, before the debates I hadn´t even chosen someone until I realized the situation Mexico was going through





A I think that the personal interests became social at the end, I mean everyone was about to vote for the candidate that was going to help them in any sort of way, until people unite and helped each other

B Mexico just worked together and got the results most of the people were expecting, and those whose decision were different realized that maybe it can work out, is just matter of time, but the most incredible part is that no one complained of any possible manipulation, which makes you rely on your country

C I think that was the first time that almost everyone, including children were pending about the elections, and this unite the country even more, and remove some ignorance the country had

D For example, I realized how strong can a nation could be, even if it hasn´t the protection of the government. Mexico can be really powerful on its own, and at some point, the government will have to join it

E People stop keeping their thoughts to themselves and started sharing them from social media to normal discussions, and that way the country worked together to fulfill the social interests

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