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Polygamy Report

Polygamy Report - Sociedad

Table of Contents

Abstract ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………1

1.0 Introduction ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………1

2.0 Methodology ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….2

3.0 Findings …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………2

4.0 Discussion ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..4

5.0 Conclusions and Recommendations …………………………………………………………………………………..4

References …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Abstract

Polygamy refers to have a relationship or being married with more than 2 women at the same time and how it is seen depends on the context. Secondary research resources were use, such as news regarding polygamy, science articles and review articles of movies that represent the polygamic practice to obtain information. At one-time polygamy was permitted in most parts of the world, but there have been some changes. Now, monogamy, being married to just one party, has become a global rule that applies to the most part of the western countries. People are starting to think if monogamy is a myth, because of the big amount of divorces for instance. A considerable amount of people who have experienced divorces believe in polygamous relationships. In conclusion, polygamy is present in regions, where religions have accepted polygamy since its beginning. Mexico has never had a polygamic society, but migration is starting to change this fact, and the future will determine what is going to happen in this country.

 

1.0            Introduction

Polygamy is seen in different ways depending on the context, in which it is presented. It refers to have a relationship or being married with more than 2 women at the same time. “In the state of nature, people were generally polygamous, as are most animals” (Burton, 2018). The purpose of this report is to analyze the paradigm of Polygamy and compare it within different cultures and contexts.  In the Mexican society is considered illegal to be married more than once at the same time, and it can be penalized by at least five years in prison, that’s why polygamy is not common in this society. This paradigm was chosen to understand what shapes polygamy in each culture and how it affects it. “Polygamy was permitted in most parts of the world at one time, but there has been a move away from the practice” (Bailey, 2006). Finally, the expected outcome of this report is to find what elements are key to the acceptance and practice of polygamy, and to find out if the monogamy is really a myth in actual societies.

 

 

2.0   Methodology

Secondary research resources were used, such as news regarding polygamy in different cultures, science articles stating that humans are polygamist by instinct and that just some eastern cultures follow their instinct. Also review articles of movies that represent the polygamic practice, and reference books, such as dictionaries were used to have a deeper understanding of the word “polygamy”. All these resources were chosen and analyzed to achieve the expected outcome and to enrich the report even more

 

3.0             Findings

Polygamy is defined as “Marriage, in which a spouse of either sex may have more than one mate at the same time” (Merriam Webster, 2018). In most of the definitions the term “polygamy” is aimed to marriage, which means that polygamy is only presented when a marriage of more than 2 parties is presented. Now, there are two other definitions regarding polygamy, which are more specific, polyandry is when a woman is married to more than one husband at a time, and polygyny is when a man is married to more than one wife.

Polygamy is closely related, to religion and socioeconomic status according to experts in polygamy matters, such as Betzig (1986) and Macdonald (1990). At one-time polygamy was permitted in most parts of the world, but there have been some changes. Now, monogamy, being married to just one party, has become a global rule, that applies even to the most part of the eastern countries. However, popular religions have approved polygamy in their religious books, for example in the Bible at least 30 characters had more than one wife, Hinduism allowed polygamy in India until 1955 with the “Hindu Marriage Act”, which states that polygamy is illegal for everyone, except for Muslims. On the other hand, Judaism prohibits polygamy as it is stated in the Torah “If he takes another wife for himself; her food, her clothing, and her duty of marriage, shall he not diminish” (Deut 21:15–1).

Even though some religious books recognize polygamy, in 2000 the United Nations Human Rights Committee reported that polygamy violates the International Covenant on Civil and Political rights (a multilateral treaty that respects the civil and political rights of individuals, such as the right to life) and that it should be outlawed (Brown, 2016). Therefore, there are just few countries that allow polygamy, for example, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates.

With time people have recognized and accepted polygamy as this graph shows

https://news.gallup.com/opinion/polling-matters/214601/moral-acceptance-polygamy-record-high-why.aspx

Graph 1: Moral acceptability of polygamy in the United States

 

This graph represents a poll made in the United States about the acceptance of Polygamy, even though the percentage is still low (17%) it has been rising constantly, this means that polygamy is suffering a paradigm shift in western countries.

Finally, it was thought before that Mormons and co-related religions practiced polygamy, which is a complete lie and the next graph can prove it:

Graph 2: Mormons’ views of polygamy in America

 

4.0             Discussion

Polygamy is not accepted in most countries or societies, it is even illegal for one main reason, and that’s the moral and ethic of human beings. According to Neel Burton (2018), humans in the state of nature are polygamous, the only thing that keeps us away from that now-a-days is the belief that happiness is found in monogamous marriages, so most of the people seek that throughout their lives.  People are starting to think if monogamy is a myth, because of the big amount of divorces for instance; a considerable amount of people who have experienced divorces believe in polygamous relationships.

In Mexican society, accepting and believing that being married to just one person is the correct thing to do, not just physically, but morally. This is so true, that it is even impossible to get to know someone who doesn’t have this way of life.

 

 

5.0             Conclusions and Recommendations

In conclusion, polygamy is present in regions where religions have accepted polygamy since its beginning. Polygamy is just accepting the state of nature of humans and understand that people have created and shaped the term “monogamous”. Religion and social classes have developed this believe and it has gotten to a point where humans are starting to think that polygamy isn´t bad at all. Eastern culture is gaining power and sharing their believes with the world. Mexico have stated its point very clear, and that’s to not accept polygamy, it has been more open-minded to this event though. Mexico has never had a polygamic society, but migration is starting to change this fact, and the future will determine what is going to happen in this country.

References

Bailey, M. (2006). The practice of and reasons for polygamy. [online] Religioustolerance.org. Available at: http://www.religioustolerance.org/polyprac.htm [Accessed 20 Nov. 2018].

Brown, J. (2016). All the countries where polygamy is legal. [online] indy100. Available at:             https://www.indy100.com/article/polygamy-around-the-world-map-reddit-7621171 [Accessed 20 Nov. 2018].

Burton, N. (2018). The Pros and Cons of Polygamy. [online] Psychology Today. Available at:                    https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/hide-and-seek/201801/the-pros-and-cons-polygamy [Accessed 20 Nov. 2018].

Gallup, I. (2017). Moral Acceptance of Polygamy at Record High — But Why? Figure 1.1 [online] Gallup.com. Available at: https://news.gallup.com/opinion/polling-matters/214601/moral-acceptance-polygamy-record-high-why.aspx [Accessed 21 Nov. 2018].

Mormonwoman.org. (2012). What do Mormons think about polygamy? | Mormon Women – About LDS Life and Belief. Figure 1.2 [online] Available at: https://mormonwoman.org/2012/01/17/what-do-mormons-think-about-polygamy/ [Accessed 19 Nov. 2018].

Howitt, M. (2018). Polyamorous relationships may be the future of love. [online] Bbc.com. Available at: http://www.bbc.com/future/story/20160623-polyamorous-relationships-may-be-the-future-of-love [Accessed 20 Nov. 2018].

HuffPost. (2018). Do Mormons Still Practice Polygamy? [online] Available at: https://www.huffingtonpost.com/mette-ivie-harrison/do-mormons-still-practice-polygamy_b_9518584.html [Accessed 21 Nov. 2018].

Robinson, B. (2006). Laws in various countries governing polygamy. [online] Religioustolerance.org. Available at: http://www.religioustolerance.org/polylaw1.htm [Accessed 20 Nov. 2018].

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